Archive for the ‘Promoting Political Participâtion from People!’ Category

After the -prompt- French official declaration of yesterday, supporting the AU and the government, I was left wondering: “so what?” Of course what has been achieved must be protected. However, it looks to me that once again, as we have often seen now, there are discrepancies between what the IC’s truth and the Malagasy reality.

Says « Jeannine d’Itaosy” which by the way seems to reflect and Malagasy’s opinions and foreigners

Another article that might help decode what is going on behind the backstage

1 –  What have the UA and their backers really achieved?

– allowing a coup regime stay for 5 years by calling it “transition »
– draft a roadmap which is only enforced at 50% or so; a roadmap that satisfies the bribed politicians and not the Malagasy people
– a recent election

2 –  What does a reconciliation entail?

– to be face to face, unless we invent the concept of virtual reconciliation 2.0
– to get the full picture, to know the facts and circumstances of several events in the history of the country, 2009, 2002 etc
– to “come out” and get rid of all bitterness, and other negative feelings
– to offer different perspectives so that “the other party” may understand why one “acted like s/he did or said what s/he said”
– to pardon, to forgive, so that unfortunate words not be repeated again or undesired acts not be repeated again

3 – What do Malagasy want?

– there are different aspirations, different ideas; but I would hope there is a common interest in « the truth”, in “living in peace”, and restore honesty and good governance
– and let’s remember: not all of us long for the reconciliation as this would shrink business opportunities or would potentially lead to social embarrassment (which still seems a behavioral influencer)

4 –  What do UA and their backers want?

– to protect their “achievement”, what is perceived as a defendable, politically correct process of democracy restoration; the Malagasy have yet to understand that this is not necessarily aligned with what they really want;
– to « sneak in” the interests of their countries or their friends’ interests (e.g. Maurice as a hub for trafficking woods from Madagascar during the AU transition)

Exit opportunity

I understand part of the IC is embarrassed because here is a man who has been waiting for their good will for 6 years or so, a man some have believed they have made people forget, a man they believed was playing golf somewhere in the South of Johannesburg, has now appeared like a messiah before the Malagasy people. His biggest fault is to unveil others’ shortfalls. Hiding behind a “he didn’t tell us” is not really mature.

On “he is not trustworthy; he lied that SADC and few countries back him?” Think again; there were promisses made; maybe not in 2014 but before then, certainly.

And on “destabilizing declarations”, he really said: “I’m not going to wait for 2018”. Most interpreted it as: “not wait for 2018 to seize power”. Guys: you’re losing your cool. The man is closer to an admirable genius than a stupid man. Work with him! Make it “I’m not going to wait for 2018 …before I start contributing to the reconstruction of the country”! He is fully capable of doing that, more than anyone. Very few believed he could fly back on his own. Just believe; he is more than capable of mobilizing many Malagasy to reconstruct what has been destroyed. Let him work, he will let you harvest the honor of his work. All will be happy! Or rather, there are going to be many more happy people than unhappy people; after all, that is democracy.

Andry Ralijaona
Washington DC

Nelson Mandela See:    Mandela’s first appearance as a free man

“(…) Mandela is like Moses, leading the Israelites. No more slaves now” confessed Thembeni Sibeko a Soweto resident to the BBC.

From Sacrifices to Victory

Now back in his home reportedly on life support and while ailing from a lung infection in hospital, South Africa and the World panics at the thought of a World without Nelson Mandela. His bedside support stretches beyond borders. Understandably so, who would ever want to let go of such a man? Once persecuted for his fight to end apartheid in South Africa then jailed for 27 years on Robben Island, Pollsmoor Prison and later Victor Verster Prison and stepped down as President in 1999; Nelson Mandela symbolizes the beauty of the struggles and victory of activism. He was expelled while studying for a Bachelor of Arts Degree at the University College of Fort Hare because he had joined a student protest, he was arrested with 156 other activists and charged with treason in 1956. His life was filled with sacrifices for his country but empowered by his dream of a democratic South Africa and following his release as he was found not guilty, Mandela continued working towards his vision to take his country from an apartheid government to a peaceful multi-racial democracy. His beginnings were marked by a commitment to non-violent protests, determined to change the bitter situation of his people, he co-founded the armed struggle against apartheid “Umkhonto we Sizwe” – Spear of the Nations in 1961. Together with the South African Communist Party, they led a bombing campaign against government targets. These campaigns led to his arrest in 1962 and his conviction of sabotage and conspiracy to overthrow the government. Sentenced to life imprisonment, Mandela spent 27 years in jail until he was elected as the first black President of a traumatized South Africa from apartheid in 1990. Mandela play a leading role in the drive for peace and won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993.

When is the Right Time to Act ?

The intentional action to bring about social change, political change, or economic justice are the very definitions of activism. Activism can take a wide range of forms; from writing letters to newspapers or politicians, political campaigning, economic activism, rallies, blogging and street marches, strikes, hunger strikes, or even guerrilla tactics. Each type of activism have their strength and weaknesses and can be manifested through and by different agents. You and I are the agents: reformers, citizens, in other situations : rebels. From founding the “Spear of the Nation” to speaking of “Ubuntu” or togetherness, Mandela’s activism was shaped according to the situation he wanted to change. Mandela is both a guide, an inspiration and a honourable political leader. His ultimate goal was to lead South Africa to a smoother transition to peace even following the bitter and painful scars of apartheid. Mandela’s life was not of smooth sailing but he achieved his dream of equality against apartheid. Many valuable lessons can be learned from his relentless dedication to activism. Even as a highly valued political leader, Mandela cleverly used his position to bring about change. He was instrumental in appealing for help to end the civil war in Burundi before the United Nations Security Council in 2000, signing the Geneva Accord for peace in the Middle East in 2005 and promoting awareness for global issues such as AIDS. Depending on the situation, one form of activism may be more effective than another. In this sense, it is crucial to identify which route to embark on to achieve your goal, to effectively advocate and stand for your vision. Identifying to right form of activism is key its effectiveness and outcome.

Mandela – the Inspiration, Madagascar – the Opportunity

As Madagascar faces its current political crisis, it is not the time to lose hope and sulk in desperation. Instead, let us be led by your vision for Madagascar’s future and act towards it. Tailoring our activism to the  changing situations to optimise our results. A recent illustration took place on 26 of June in Antananarivo, when in an era absorbed by the influence of social media reigns a group known as « Wake Up Madagascar » – WUM organised a flashmob on the symbolic Independence Day. WUM is a platform that empowers citizens to act for Madagascar led by their visions and perception of a better Madagascar, be it political stability or better living conditions. WUM made headlines for their activism in the streets of Antananarivo, certainly raising awareness that Malagasy are concerned about their destiny and are ready and willing to work to improve it. This exemplary demonstration of solidarity over the country’s future was an activism that was well timed and suited to the situation. Undeniably, we, Malagasy have the opportunity to aspire from the Mandela’s greatness. One does not need to be “great”, “rich” or “important” to make a difference and act for change. Rolihlahla Dalibhunga Mandela was born in a small South African village, grew up in humble homes, thrown out as a student, struggled to finish his academia, left by his first wife because of his activism, against all odds he became one of the greatest African leaders in history and above all made activism his lifetime career. There won’t be a next Mandela, for his achievements will forever be unique. Every aspiration, purpose, dream have valuable merits. Faced with an ongoing political crisis; we, Malagasy are to stand firm and work towards much needed reforms for our country. These changes are achievable in every capacity, be it, as simple as, teaching a child not to throw a wrapper in the street or as bold as calling the attention of leaders to fulfil their social contract.

Pakysse encourages Malagasy to shape their own destiny and pays tribute to an admirable man: Nelson Mandela.

Reporting from the Hague



Toavina Ralambomahay est un ami de longue date. De formation juridique, journaliste et consultant. Il est aussi un citoyen engagé dans la lutte contre toute forme d’injustice. Dans son livre intitulé « Madagascar dans une crise interminable », il nous livre un point de vue critique et acerbe dans l’art de pratiquer la politique.

140 pages. Elles se lisent en 1h30 chrono en main ! Chaque paragraphe, chaque phrase est une balle. L’ensemble est une mitraillette qui tire sur les politiques bien sûr, mais aussi sur vous, citoyen. Plus étonnant encore, les flèches acides sur la communauté internationale. Toavina n’en rate pas une.

Le livre qualifie la crise d’interminable depuis 2011. La presse traditionnelle aujourd’hui en prend conscience et TV Plus a fait une émission « tetezami…tatra » ou « Transition à perpétuité ». À lire l’auteur, on dirait qu’il base son qualificatif d’interminable davantage pour un problème de justice à Mada que pour la durée de la crise en soi.

Il n’est pas le seul à avoir écrit sur les crises à Madagascar. Le Père Rémi Rahajarizafy a écrit sur 1972, plusieurs dont Didier Ratsiraka avec le journaliste de LCI Eric Revel ont écrit sur 1991 ; Razanamasy aussi a sorti son bilan de 1991 ; Nicolas Pesle, Patrick Rajoelina, sur 2002 ; Gisèle Rabesahala a livré ses mémoires qui vont plus loin que 1947. Et sur 2009, Solofo Randrianja, professeur d’histoire, a sorti à Karthala un ouvrage de 350 pages avec 10 autres auteurs comme le juge international Raymond Ranjeva. Et Patrick Rasolofo, avec d’autres universitaires ont sorti à l’Harmattan un livre sur les impacts de la crise sur les paysans.

Le mérite est peut-être là. Car « Madagascar dans une crise interminable » paru aux éditions l’Harmattan à Paris a été écrit par un jeune. Il a été édité à 29 ans. Et c’est un engagement citoyen et non un mémoire ou une thèse universitaire.

Le problème à Madagascar (enfin…entre autres…) rare sont les personnes qui osent écrire et lire est un luxe que les paresseux ne peuvent pas se permettre. Il est vrai qu’écrire c’est se livrer. Livrer sa pensée au monde, accepter de se faire critiquer, prendre le courage de faire avancer le débat et non rester indéfiniment sur les interrogations genre « le Padesm ou le MDRM est-il le traitre ». Ça fait 50 ans qu’on en parle. Pour 2009, si personne n’écrit, les questions-débats genre « 2009 est –il un coup d’Etat », « Ravalomanana a-t-il bien fait de donner les pouvoirs au militaires ou non ? » etc. seront…interminables.

Son but aujourd’hui est de publier un ouvrage qui recense des phrases bêtes qu’ont dit les hommes politiques malgaches. Du genre Bushism en Occident. Une autre manière d’appréhender la démocratie.

Enfin, chacun à sa façon de voir le déroulement des événements politiques de l’histoire de Madagascar depuis notre indépendance jusqu’à aujourd’hui. Tout homme qui se respecte, pour une cause juste, a une obligation intellectuelle d’informer autrui. Sinon, les écrits restent et leurs lectures instruisent et éduquent.

Légende : Madagascar dans une crise interminable édition l’Harmattan. Disponible chez votre libraire habituel ou sur ou

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