Archive for the ‘CC’ Category
Peace Palace located in The Hague host to the International Court of Justice
Adolph Eichmann, Charles Taylor, Jorge Raphael Videla, Thomas Lubanga Dyilo, Kang Kek Iew, Pauline Nyiramasuhuko convicted; Solbodan Milosevic, Omar Al-Bashir, Laurent Gbagbo, Uhuru Kenyatta, Muammar Gaddafi, Bosco Ntaganda, Joseph Kony allegedly committed crimes ranging from crimes against humanity, war crimes and genocide. The list of big and small fish who occupied a position of leadership, held control over innocent lives and took their lives away through criminal act is much longer, above is only a selection.
While, Madagascar has not experienced crimes against humanity, genocide, or war crimes and hopefully never will, this wake up call intends to incite our leaders to abandon their perverse practices which result in the gradual killings of Malagasy citizens. The flagrant increase in social and economic disparities is alarming. Too many are falling below poverty level while the middle class struggle to preserve their social and economic privileges. A worrying situation worsened since the start of the transitional government. Clearly, our leaders are continuously unable to fulfill their social contract and constantly fooling all those who believed in their false promises for better standards of living. In the meantime, Malagasy citizens are left victims of perverse practices of abuse and misuse of power, economic exploitation, and corruption committed by big and small fish who occupy a position of leadership.
International justice opens our eyes to the danger of misusing power at any level of authority. Superior Responsibility, Individual Criminal Responsibility, Co-perpetration, Joint Criminal Enterprise without delving into the details of their applicability, all we need to know for the purpose of this call is that these are modes of liability used to establish the accountability of high level individuals alleged to have committed grave crimes. Political leaders, have duties and responsibilities although they may enjoy immunity, there are crimes for which their immunity is limited. Noone is above the law.
Indeed, leaders can be compared to players of a game involving citizens as unconscious players. Even games have rules. When the game is perversely played, these unconscious players suffer unfair consequences. Although crimes against humanity, genocide or war crimes have not been committed on the Malagasy territory, a continuous erosion of the respect of physical integrity, the right to life, personal safety and security feeds into a slow, painful killings of the Malagasy people. Underfeed, underpaid, clearly living in misery hence victims of perverse practices of those with power. It must end.
History evolves in repetitions triggered by human experiences. The repeated capricious and self-willed actions of Malagasy leaders shaped a grim past and present. It is through he identification of common values, the understanding of human values and the willingness to respect those values that leaders should be reminded of. The future leaves room for changes, for improvement. Too idealistic, big words? Why not ! The louder the snooze the more alarmed we are.
Realistically, there will always be a certain number of leaders who will engage in distasteful practices while in power. There are no patron saint. Yet it should not be an obstacle to capture the attention of our leaders to WAKE UP, open their eyes and smell the coffee to the destructive impact of misuse, abuse, exploitation, corruption to the lives of Malagasy people.Disregard of Malagasy people dignity and the enjoyment of their lives must end. We are sick and tired of being your victims.
I am calling you to WAKE UP from The Hague.
Creative Commons project Madagascar Lead by Miora Randrianaivojaona
Copyleft is an ordinary system that enables a program or any other specimen to be free, requiring then all modified and extended versions of the program to be free as well. In other words, anyone who uses Copyleft and redistributes information within or without changes must respect this concept of freedom of copy and modification. This guarantee is for all users.
Copyleft is another way of using the copyright program, reason why we reverse its name from « copyright » to « copyleft. » Copyleft exists through copyright; therefore copyright can’t be left out. Otherwise the use of copyleft would be impossible. The word « left » in « copyleft » itself is not a reference to the past of the verb « to leave », but is a mere reference to the opposite of « right ».
Creative Commons also called « CC », created by Lawrence Lessig in the U.S. in 2001 is one of the institutions that provide models of free licenses or copyleft on the internet. The licenses are comprised in the copyright legislation and the author is allowed to share his work over the terms of the legislation.
They have four 4 generic attributes:
-AUTHORSHIP: BY (requires the insertion of the author’s name or the right holder)
– NO CHANGE: ND (prevent creation of offshoot works)
– NO COMMERCIAL USE: NC (pecuniary interests excluded)
– SHARE ALIKE of initial conditions: SA (perpetual SA license to offshoot works)
These four attributes are cumulative according to available contracts which make all CC licenses perpetual and irrevocable. Even if the author decides to shift to another contract later on, those who benefit from the current Creative Commons license are still able to copy and disclose the toil.
The Creative Commons contracts are bound to the laws of the country where it is used. The interest lies in the country’s culture of free sharing, which requires a more accessible open right.
We can notice the current trend in Madagascar through the easy access to Internet, the recent increase in downloads on the Internet and particularly the emergence of free software in the market and also in resources centers like CNTEMAD. However, Malagasy laws concerning new technologies are old fashioned; therefore, it is essential to review and/or create other laws.
According to a survey conducted among a hundred of Malagasy internet users, not all users are aware of the value of sharing on the internet and few of them hardly know about it. But as long as technology remains a significant indicator of a country’s development, the minority is dissimulated among the mass and find their interests in it.